- Published on Friday, 12 April 2013 11:37
- Published on Wednesday, 16 April 2008 04:36
ThePrevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (PCCB) is established under The Prevention and Combating of Corruption Act No. 11 of 2007 (PCCA No. 11/2007). This Act came about after the repeal of ThePrevention of Corruption Act (PCA) Cap 329 (RE 2002). This was after the Parliament of the United Republic of Tanzania passed The Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bill of 2007 on April 16, 2007. His Excellency President of the United Republic of Tanzania Jakaya Kikwete assent the bill on June 11, 2007 to make it an Act of parliament which came into force on July 1, 2007.
The PCCA No. 11/2007 was made to provide promotion and enhancement of good governance and eradication of corruption.
Historically, the legal frame work to combat corruption commenced during the colonial era under the British administration. The PCO was used by the British colonial government as from 1930’s to punish corruption offenders. Subsequently in 1958 the PCO was repealed by the prevention of corruption ordinance PCO Cap 400 in 1958.
In 1974, the PCA was amended by Act No. 2 of 1974, which provided for the establishment of The Anti-Corruption Squad (ACS). The government under President, the late Julius Nyerere established the Anti-Corruption Squad (ACS) on the 15th January 1975 by Government Notice No. 17 of 1975. With its establishment, the ACS took over the anti-corruption function that was hitherto carried out by the Police Force.
In 1991, as a result of economic liberalisation and political pluralism that loomed in Tanzania in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the PCA was further amended to match these changes. This saw to the establishment of The Prevention of Corruption Bureau (PCB) which took over the functions of the ACS.
In essence, the PCA Cap 329 (RE 2002) had certain shortcomings that infringed the Bureau’s operations. These, to mention a few, included:
- It was silent on how the PCB was to execute its functions of graft prevention.
- It did give the PCB legal mandate or opportunity to follow up and or prosecute corruption related to fraud.
- It did not criminalize most corruption offences such as trading in influence, possession of wealth whose legality cannot be explained
- It was silent on sexual corruption that has been on the increase.
The PCCB is headed by the Director General (DG) and who is appointment by President. The Director General (DG) is assisted by the Deputy Director General (DDG). Hereunder is a chronology of the PCCB Directors General as from 1973 to date:
- 1973-1974: Mr. Geofrey Sawaya
- 1974-1975: Mr. S. Rutayangirwa
- 1975-1990: Mr. Zakaria Maftah
- 1990-2006: Major General (Rtd), Anatory Ruta Kamazima
- 2006-todate: Dr. Edward Gamaya Hoseah
- Published on Wednesday, 16 April 2008 04:36
The Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (PCCB), is a law enforcement institution established and mandated by the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Act No. 11 of 2007 to prevent corruption, educate the society on the effects of this problem, and enforce the law against corruption. Section 5 of this law establishes the Bureau as an independent public body, and Section 7 sets out its functions. The mandate and operations of PCCB are limited to Tanzania Mainland. In the endeavor to combat corruption the Bureau adopts the three-prong approach, namely by prevention, public awareness, investigation and prosecution of offenders.
There are four directorates in the PCCB namely, the Directorate of Investigation responsible for detecting, investigating and prosecuting corruption offenders; the Directorate of Research, Control and Statistics responsible for prevention of corruption in public and private sectors through strengthening systems; the Directorate of Community Education responsible for involving the community in fighting corruption; and the Directorate of Administration and Human Resources which supports the other three directorates by providing them with the right human and other physical and material resources.
Jointly the four directorates strive to achieve the mission and vision of the Bureau, which are captured in this website. The website further captures the missions of each directorate and the methods of realizing them. The mission statement of the Directorate of Investigation urges it to detect, investigate and prosecute corruption and related offences; the mission statement of the Directorate of Research, Control and Statistics is to prevent corruption through strengthening systems in the public and private sectors; the mission statement of the Directorate of Community Education is to involve the community in fighting corruption; and the Directorate of Administration and Human Resources’ mission is to make available to the Bureau the right human and other resources at the right time and in the right place. To realize these individual missions of the directorates, PCCB has prepared a comprehensive five-year Strategic Plan, which shall guide its functions and operations towards the intended direction.
As implied above, the PCCB’s core functions are basically prevention, law enforcement and community education. In carrying out its functions much depends on the support and involvement of all stakeholders in the fight against corruption, and their decision to say “NO” to corruption.
We hope the launching of this website will give all our stakeholders an opportunity to have an insight of what the Bureau stands for, what it is doing, and understand what they can do to help curb the viral effects of corruption in our society.
Currently the Bureau has 24 Regional offices and a District office in every district in Mainland Tanzania in an attempt to have the people have easy access to our services.
It is my sincere hope that this website will offer you useful information and incite you to take part in the fight against corruption. I call upon all Tanzanians and other stakeholders to participate in prevention and combating of corruption in Tanzania. We count for your support to achieve PCCB mission. If we stand together we will certainly emerge victorious.
Dr. Edward G. Hoseah